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Correction: Citizen Science Terminology Matters: Exploring Key Terms

Authors:

M V Eitzel ,

Science and Justice Research Center, University of California Santa Cruz, 1156 High St, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, US
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Jessica L Cappadonna,

Queensland University of Queensland University of Technology S Block, Level 10, Room 1002, Gardens Point Campus, Brisbane, Queensland, AU
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Chris Santos-Lang,

Citizen Science Belleville, US
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Ruth Ellen Duerr,

Ronin Institute for Independent Scholarship, US
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Arika Virapongse,

Ronin Institute for Independent Scholarship, US
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Sarah Elizabeth West,

Stockholm Environment Institute, University of York, GB
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Christopher Conrad Maximillian Kyba,

GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, DE
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Anne Bowser,

Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, US
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Caren Beth Cooper,

North Carolina State University and North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, US
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Andrea Sforzi,

Maremma Natural History Museum, IT
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Anya Nova Metcalfe,

Northern Arizona University, US
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Edward S Harris,

Scleroderma Education Project Ltd., 2726 Van Hise Ave, Madison, WI 53705, US
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Martin Thiel,

Universidad Católica del Norte, Millennium Nucleus Ecology and Sustainable Management of Oceanic Island (ESMOI), Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Zonas Áridas (CEAZA), CO
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Mordechai Haklay,

University College London, GB
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Lesandro Ponciano,

Federal University of Campina Grande, BR
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Joseph Roche,

Trinity College Dublin, IE
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Luigi Ceccaroni,

1000001 Labs, ES
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Fraser Mark Shilling,

University of California, Davis, US
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Daniel Dörler,

Citizen Science Working Group, Institute of Zoology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, AT
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Florian Heigl,

Citizen Science Working Group, Institute of Zoology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, AT
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Tim Kiessling,

Universidad Católica del Norte, CO
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Brittany Y Davis,

Allegheny College, US
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Qijun Jiang

Laboratory of Geo-Information Science and Remote Sensing, Wageningen University and Research, NL
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Abstract

This article details a correction to the article:

Eitzel, M.V. et al., (2017). Citizen Science Terminology Matters: Exploring Key Terms. Citizen Science: Theory and Practice. 2(1), p.1. DOI:http://doi.org/10.5334/cstp.96
How to Cite: Eitzel, M.V., Cappadonna, J.L., Santos-Lang, C., Duerr, R.E., Virapongse, A., West, S.E., Kyba, C.C.M., Bowser, A., Cooper, C.B., Sforzi, A., Metcalfe, A.N., Harris, E.S., Thiel, M., Haklay, M., Ponciano, L., Roche, J., Ceccaroni, L., Shilling, F.M., Dörler, D., Heigl, F., Kiessling, T., Davis, B.Y. and Jiang, Q., 2017. Correction: Citizen Science Terminology Matters: Exploring Key Terms. Citizen Science: Theory and Practice, 2(1), p.2. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/cstp.113
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  Published on 22 Jun 2017
 Accepted on 16 Jun 2017            Submitted on 16 Jun 2017

Correction

Soon after publication the authors were made aware of an error within Table 3 of the original publication. The example given as the ‘Scientist’ term ‘Citizen scientist, Scientist-citizen, public scientist, community scientist’ previously read: “Citizen scientists investigated anecdotal evidence to construct hypotheses regarding developmental disorders that members of the public claimed were triggered by a MMR vaccine.”

Table 3

Terms describing scientists who work with citizens in ‘citizen science.’

‘Scientist’ term Definition Example Caveat

Citizen scientist, Scientist-citizen, public scientist, community scientist Individual with formal science training who is actively engaged in the civic sphere and wants their work to both serve the greater good and do so transparently (Stilgoe 2009) Citizen scientists investigated anecdotal evidence to construct hypotheses regarding developmental disorders that members of the public claimed were triggered by chemical pollution (Stilgoe 2009). Members of Union of Concerned Scientists’ Science Network (http://www.ucsusa.org/science-network) ‘Citizen Scientist’ is easily confused with more common meaning of public involvement in science
Civic educators Individual who provides information and/or creates educational opportunities for others with the purpose of building a path for greater civic engagement Researchers, teachers, scientists, issue advocates, journalists, reporters and political campaigners (Ceccaroni et al. 2016) Closely associated with democratic values, inherently politically laden
Commercial Individual trained in science with the goal of creating products for profit Commercial fisher, Commercial scientist Incentivized by financial profit, rather than ‘knowledge for the sake of knowledge’
Credentialed, Trained, Educated Individual with formal scientific degrees and training Faculty member at a university Reinforces the value of formal scientific education
Elite Individual with experience and/or privilege not shared by the general public Only elite scientists may serve in some peer-review processes or are considered for tenure or funding Typically excludes the general public, early-career scientists, and minorities; many scientists strive not to be elitist
Institutional, Academic, Laboratory Individual employed by or affiliated with an academic institution, agency, company, or non-governmental organization Tenured professor, Government scientist, Laboratory technician, Student Scientists may not be affiliated with an institution or may not work in a laboratory
Professional, Paid, Employed Individual working in a scientific occupation, profession, or holding a position for which they are paid White collar professional, Professor, Employee Some scientists may conduct participatory projects outside paid time
Researcher Individual investigating a specific and identified scientific question Research scientist, Research ecologist Researchers are often interpreted strictly as academics
Scientist-activist Individual with formal science training who applies their expertise to political agendas Internationally, thousands of scientists participated in a “March for Science” on April 22, 2017 to show support for evidence-based policies in government Can be perceived as having shed the ‘objectivity’ of science
Volunteer Scientist An individual who is not paid for their participation in scientific pursuits Graduate students Implies that scientist is inexperienced or not worth formally hiring

This should have read: “Citizen scientists investigated anecdotal evidence to construct hypotheses regarding developmental disorders that members of the public claimed were triggered by chemical pollution.”

The corrected Table 3 is presented here.

Competing Interests

The authors have no competing interests to declare.

References

  1. Eitzel, M.V., Cappadonna, J.L., Santos-Lang, C., Duerr, R.E., Virapongse, A., West, S.E., Kyba, C.C.M., Bowser, A., Cooper, C.B., Sforzi, A., Metcalfe, A.N., Harris, E.S., Thiel, M., Haklay, M., Ponciano, L., Roche, J., Ceccaroni, L., Shilling, M., Döler, D., Heigl, F., Kiessling, T., Davis, B.Y. and Jiang, Q. (2017). Citizen Science Terminology Matters: Exploring Key Terms. Citizen Science: Theory and Practice 2(1)DOI: https://doi.org/10.5334/cstp.96 

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